Rats in the house

Characteristic signs of rats in the house

Infestations of rats rarely resemble one another; one must have the eye to recognize the signs of their presence. There are very characteristic signs to spot an outbreak. It is necessary to make a careful inspection in all the rooms of your house or office: the attic, the cellar, the parking, and the garden. Since it is rare to see rats in the flesh, here are the signs you should look for if you suspect the presence of rats in your home or business: pestcontrolsecrets.com

Scraping noise

Brown rats are bad climbers and need a nearby water point. That’s why they often live on the ground floor and hear noises coming from the cellar or underneath the house. The black rat is agiler and can climb. It is known as the rat of granaries.

Rat Droppings

Finding excrement is the best evidence for a rat presence. The rats leave behind long, dark droppings of 10 to 20 mm. The rats produce about forty a day and are often grouped. The black rat droppings are often fusiform, the brown rats are banana-shaped.

If the excrement is soft and shiny, the rat infestation is active. The number of droppings gives you an estimate of the extent of the outbreak. Excrements of the same shape but different size demonstrate that the rats are breeding. Wash your hands thoroughly after clearing the dung to avoid contamination.

Traces of teeth

The teeth of the rats do not stop growing, which is why they need to gnaw always, be it wood or plastic and even other materials such as aluminum or concrete. The traces of teeth are easily recognizable by two parallel strips slightly depressed spaced by 4mm. Rats can even cause fires by storing cables from all your electrical installations and computers. Also, they will attack the food reserves that you must then eliminate to avoid any risk of contamination.

Traces of fat

In the house respectively in the cellar, the rats often use the same route. In passing the rats rub against the walls and furniture and leave behind traces of fat. These fat excretions together with dust and dirt form very distinctive signs for the presence of rats. These trails often lead to nests and food stores as rats build up.


When rats cross unused spaces, they leave footprints of paws and tail behind them. Since rats are much larger than mice, their fingerprints are significantly larger and easily distinguishable from those of mice. A trick to check that the rats are still in the house put flour or talc on the floor. If the next day you always find traces the rats are well installed in your home.

Characteristic odors

The rats emit an odor of musk and ammonia, which can be very strong in confined spaces. The scent is a combination of excreta, urine, and excretion of glands. The rats use this smell for their orientation they mark their routes and recognize their family to the smell.

Nests and Terriers

Rats place their nests in warm, protected places and use pieces of cardboard or cloth for making them. They are often found in the cellars or the case of the brown rat in the attic. It’s not so easy to find them. They can also hide them under garden shelves.

Outside the rats dig burrows, especially in the compost or under the sheds. They build underground galleries – often next to a house or shed, and they always sit next to a food source. During the winter the brown rats take refuge inside the houses, under the floors, and between the walls.

Rat control: a case of experts

You have recognized one or more signs that suggest a presence of rats in your house, do not hesitate, even if the rats are only in the garden, as it is only a matter of time before they go home looking for warmth and food. Any small hole, crack, leads allow the rats to return. The rats know how to pass through 2 cm of opening, and they know how to climb vertically until they find the weak point to enter your home.

An invasion of rats in you, act fast!

rodents traps

You can capture and kill the rats with mechanical, electrical traps or with rodents traps with glue. All these traps work with a bait: cereals, flour, bread, fruits, cheese, etc.

Tip: Wear gloves to handle the traps to avoid leaving your smell that would make the rats suspicious.

Use Mechanical Rat Traps. Among the mechanical traps are notably the fox and the tooth trap. The rat pad runs on the model of the mouse pad, in larger. When the rat bites the bait, a metal bar falls on him and kills him. However, sometimes the rat succeeds in disengaging and escaping.

Good to know: there are automatic bait pans with permanent bait, more sophisticated and more effective against rats.
The tooth-rat trap resembles a plastic jaw whose large teeth close on the rat that bites the bait.

Note: Other types of mechanical traps, such as X traps, are intended for outdoor use, for the capture of muskrats.

Use electric rat traps

These traps work with batteries. An electric shock is sent to the trapped rat and kills it.

Use glued traps

These are sticky plates, on which bait placed or not (sometimes the glue has an attractive smell that avoids having to add a lure). Trapped, the rat becomes engulfed and eventually dies, but death is slower and crueler than with other types of traps.

The ancient “dead-to-rats,” composed of arsenic or thallium too dangerous for man, is no longer used today. It is replaced by foods impregnated with a rodenticide product that will kill rats: often an anticoagulant, which causes a fatal hemorrhage in the slightest injury.

Significant: less dangerous than the old “dead-to-rats,” the rodenticides remain however harmful. Avoid touching them without protective gloves and always keep them out of the reach of children and pets.

You will find rodenticides in paste, block or granules.
Arrange these products every 10 meters at the rat passage.
Conceal them preferably under a hiding place (tile, for example), so that the rat feels safe to come nibble.

Repeat the baits regularly until they stop consuming.

If all the means employed have failed, do not hesitate to call on a rat extermination company. It will cost you from 80 to 120 $ to efficiently derive your home.

Take some precautions to prevent the rats from coming back:

Close your garbage containers tightly.

Close all openings that allow rats to enter your home.

Place rodent barriers: at the end of the pipes; to close the access vents to the cellar; if necessary, install a unique cladding at the bottom and at the top of a coating that doubles the front of your house: perforated metal angles, which let the air pass but not the rats.

how to get rid of rat the natural way?

When you have spotted rats in parts of your home, you can use gentle methods to keep them away so how to get rid of rat the natural way?

(option 1) Place pepper in places where the rat is likely to pass: its smell will repel the animal.

Use natural repellent plants whose odor will cause the rodent to escape.

Among them : angelica, Sage, eucalyptus, Mint, Laurel.

Soak a cotton pad with lemongrass essential oil. This substance is an excellent repellent that will quickly dislodge the rodent.

Option 2

To get rid of rats, it is possible to use substances that attract them. By swallowing them, they will be exterminated:

Pour quicklime into a mortar and add sugar. By positioning this mixture in the places frequented by the rat, he will eventually eat this composition and poison himself quickly.

Make a mixture of plaster and flour. Rats that flavor flour will soon be eliminated by ingesting this natural preparation.

Use pesticides in the form of paste and cereals without chemicals. By consuming these preparations, the rat poisons itself radically. Pour cola into a container. This drink will be fatal to him.

Option 3

Once the rats have been eliminated, keep them away! Here are some helpful tips to help prevent rats from entering a dwelling:

Plug the openings through which the rat is supposed to penetrate.

Place the garbage in an airtight container.

Store food in a protected area that is entirely inaccessible to rats.

Avoid accumulating in a basement, cellar or attic a cluster of objects as diverse as varied likely to allow the rats to nest without being disturbed.

Good to know: in case of a massive proliferation of rats, it is possible to call on a deratization company or the hygiene department of the town hall which will intervene to eliminate the rodents definitively.

Option 4

One can try to get rid of rodents by repellent solutions. In the case of rats, which are large rodents, their effectiveness does not seem very high, but you can try them at least preventively. In places likely to be frequented by rats (attic, cellar, etc.) place in large quantities:


fresh or dried mint or sage bouquets

of bay leaves

pieces of cotton impregnated with essential oils: the HEs reputed to be effective against rats are clary sage, peppermint, laurel, lemongrass, and eucalyptus.

Tip: you will find in the trade lava stone pellets to soak these essential oils. Their effectiveness has the advantage of being more durable than that of a piece of cotton which must be absorbed very often.

Option 5

You can make a deadly bait for rats easily and inexpensively. Here are two examples:

Simply pour a cola drink, known as fatal to rats, into a container within reach.

Make a mixture of plaster and flour, or a mixture of sugar and quicklime. Place this mixture next to water cups in areas frequented by rats. Consumed with water, it will swell the stomach of the rats and kill them.

Important: Avoid these two mixtures if you have pets, especially small animals guinea pig type, etc.

How to choose the best pest control services for your area

When you bring in a professional for home repair, where you don’t hold much knowledge, it is not that easy. Hiring an exterminator is a classic example of such process. Priorities will be to find one who operates in your area, find one on time and solve as many pest issues as possible. As a rule of thumb, more research will mean less charge. To make the best decision while choosing between exterminators, follow these five handy tips.

Know your options: When you stumble across a company name while googling for local services, don’t get stuck to it. Experts suggest choosing a pest control company from a pool of choices.

Arrange few meet-ups: Don’t buy into a company’s online reputation blindly. Arrange a meeting with their technicians. If possible, ask for a free quote for personalized services. Personalized programs will cost an unexpected figure more often than that.

Verify reputation from bureaus: Do not shy away from checking a company’s reputation online. Contact the Better Business Bureau and state exterminators’ bureau to check for complaints. As a rule of thumb, newer companies won’t feature too many complaints.

Understand different packages: Ensure you know all the benefits you get from the program. Agree to the type of contract for your situation in advance. It’s never a pleasant feeling to know about hidden charges at the hindsight.

Value your research: Do not just go by word of mouth references. Rely on the research you did. Do not de-emphasize the research you have done by putting in the hours. Research well and make best use of your inferences.

Bonus tip – Check licenses and insurances: When operating with a pest control company, make sure they are complaint with the local laws. Some states make it mandatory for the companies to hold specific licenses and insurances.